Colitis Diet - Colitis is a condition affecting the inner lining of the large bowel (colon and rectum). Together with Crohn’s disease it falls under the umbrella term of Irritable bowel disease (IBD). While the underlying cause of Colitis remains unknown, stress and diet are not believed to play a role.
Nutrition and proper diet however may play a significant part in management of the condition, not only to treat symptoms but to also improve overall health and well being and to manage weight as there is the potential for severe weight loss.
The irritation and inflammation that characterises Colitis is believed to be generated by an abnormal reaction of the immune system. In some cases the intestines may even begin to form ulcers (known as Ulcerative Colitis) and scar or bleed.
The acute phase of the condition is characterized by vomiting, nausea, diarrhoea and stomach pain, otherwise known as a ‘flare up’. During this time certain dietary restrictions such as dairy and spicy foods may be recommended. Individuals suffering from the condition respond to foods in different ways and so it is recommended a food diary be kept in order to pinpoint any problem or ‘trigger’ foods.
During a ‘flare up’ a limit may need to be placed on foods that increase bowel activity including regularity and gas production. Primarily this is foods containing high amounts of insoluble fibre. Some known problematic foods include:
people with Colitis may respond better to cooked or juiced fruits and
vegetables rather than fresh.
Check out our Colitis diet plan.
In general, people who suffer from Colitis need to:
Certain foods are known to cause problems and should be treated with care or avoided altogether. There is no evidence that a specific diet can treat or prevent this disease and care should be taken when seeking advice.
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